Women are harder to study – because menstrual cycles mean that our hormone levels vary from week to week and hormones play a big part in responses to assorted training methods, drugs and more. So, many sports scientists include only men in their studies because including women is costly and takes longer. That might be ok if women’s bodies reacted exactly like men’s, but if course they don’t.
I don’t pretend to have the answers – but I did explore the questions here.
Some of the topics discussed (more briefly) via video below: